Perhaps you're ready to part ways with your credit card — maybe you're sick of paying the annual fee or you're ready to stop racking up debt. Whatever the reason, you're probably wondering if closing a credit card hurts your credit.
It’s not always the case, but closing a credit card can affect your credit score and report, especially if you've held onto the card for a long time. We’ll help you understand the consequences and benefits of closing a credit card so you can make the best decision.
How Does Closing a Credit Card Affect Your Credit?
You already know that opening a credit card can affect your credit score — well, so can closing a card. Here are a few ways that can happen.
Increases Your Credit Utilization
Closing a credit card can negatively affect your credit score by reducing your credit utilization, or the percentage of available credit that you’re using. You’ll still have the same amount of debt when you close a credit card, but you’ll also have less available credit — meaning you’re now using a higher percentage of credit than you were before.
Credit bureaus prefer that people keep their credit utilization under 30%, and many people with high credit scores have credit utilization ratios under 10%.
Average Age of Your Accounts Decreases
Can Ultimately Lower Your Credit Score
To understand how closing a credit card can affect your credit score, you first need to understand your credit score and how it’s calculated.
Your credit score is calculated based on information in your credit report, or the record of your credit and how you’ve used it over time. Different credit bureaus calculate your score differently, but most use the same six factors:
- Payment History — whether you pay your debts consistently, in full, and on time
- Credit Utilization — the percentage of available credit that you’re using
- Length of Credit History — how long you’ve had established credit
- Credit Mix — the types of secured and unsecured loans you have
- New Credit — lots of new lines of credit could make you appear risky to lenders
Since closing a credit card can both increase your credit utilization and decrease the average age of your accounts, it usually lowers your credit score. You’ll need to weigh the drop in your credit score against any possible benefits before you can decide whether closing a credit card is the best step.
Pros and Cons of Closing a Credit Card
Usually, it’s better to keep a credit card account open instead of closing it. However, everyone’s situation is different, and you may find the benefits of closing a card outweigh any negative consequences. Here are a few of the pros and cons of closing a credit card.
|Pros of Closing a Credit Card
|Cons of Closing a Credit Card
|Eliminate high annual fees
|Lowers your credit score
|Eliminate or replace cards with poor benefits
|Lose rewards points and perks
|Makes opening new lines of credit harder
|Move up to better cards
Pro: Eliminate High Annual Fees
You might save a lot by closing a credit card with high annual fees, especially if you don’t use the card much anyway. For reference, the average annual fee for credit cards that charge fees is around $110.
Pro: Eliminate or Replace Cards with Poor Benefits
Some rewards credit cards offer better benefits than others. If your card offers rewards you don’t use, then closing the card (or switching to one with benefits you like) could help you use credit more efficiently.
Pro: Resist Temptation
Another pro to closing a credit card is if your card is tempting you to overspend. Your long-term financial health is more important than the temporary dip in your credit history from closing your card.
Pro: Move Up to Better Cards
Con: Lowers Your Credit Score
Closing a credit card usually lowers your credit score. It can be hard to know exactly how much of an impact it will have because so many factors go into calculating a credit score. But if you’ll need your credit score to be strong — maybe you’re applying to move into a new apartment or you’re buying a car — then you may decide leaving the card open is better.
Con: Lose Rewards Points and Perks
Con: Makes Opening New Lines of Credit Harder
Whether you’re applying for a credit card, an auto loan, or a mortgage, your credit is important to getting approved and landing great rates. Closing a credit card can lower your credit score, making it more difficult to open new lines of credit and keeping the best interest rates out of your reach.
Reasons to Close Your Credit Card
Closing a credit card isn't a good idea in most cases. There are a few situations when it makes sense, but even in these circumstances there may be better alternatives to closing your account.
Switching From a Secured Credit Card to an Unsecured Card
Perhaps your credit score went up to the point where you can now qualify for an unsecured credit card. Congrats!
But instead of closing your account, consider staying with the same credit card company and simply upgrading from your secured credit card (if that option is available). This is a good alternative to closing a credit card because upgrading to a secured card with the same issuer allows you to keep your account history.
Closing a Credit Card to Avoid Spending Temptation
In many cases, people close their credit card because they can't resist the temptation of spending. It’s best to try to change your spending habits before closing your account. For instance, try only using your card for small purchases.
But if you've tried hiding your credit cards and removing the information from online shopping portals — yet you still find ways to overspend, it might be best to close the card.
Your Card’s Interest Rate or Annual Fee Is Too High
You may consider closing your credit card if its interest rate or annual fee is too high. However, it’s worth calling your card issuer and asking for a lower rate or fee. Oftentimes, card issuers would rather give you a better deal than lose a customer — and you’ll be better off keeping that account history.
Closing a Credit Card After Separation or Divorce
When to Keep Your Credit Card Open
There are times when closing a card is the best option and there are times when it’s important to keep an account open. Here’s when you should keep your credit card open:
When It’s the Oldest Account on Your Credit Report
When You Only Want to Close Your Card Because You Don’t Use It Often
Unless your card comes with high fees, it’s best to leave an unused card open. The main reason is keeping it open helps keep your credit utilization rate healthy. If you’ve had the card for a while, it will also increase the average age of your credit card accounts. Some issuers will close your card for inactivity, so it’s still a good idea to complete at least one small transaction — you can pay it off the same day — a couple times a year.
When You Don’t Have Many Other Accounts Open
How to Close a Credit Card Correctly
If you've decided you want to close your credit card, here are the steps to do it correctly:
- Pay off the balance. If you still owe money on your card, make a plan to pay off your credit card debt so you don't owe money after you've closed it.
- Redeem your rewards. Many card issuers' rewards programs expire once your credit card account is closed. Don't let your rewards go to waste. Redeem them all before closing the card.
- Contact the credit card issuer. Call them to confirm the balance is at $0 and let them know you want to close your credit card.
- Cancel your automatic payments. If you had automatic bill pay set up through your checking account’s online banking (and not within the card’s online account), you’ll need to remove it.
- Mail or email a letter. Follow up your request in writing to confirm that the card is closed. The letter should have your full name, address, phone number, and details about the credit card. Don't forget to keep a copy for your own records. The issuer should send you a confirmation letter indicating the account's been closed.
- Check your credit reports. Wait around 30 days before checking your credit report to see whether the account has been closed and the balance is showing as $0.
- Cut up or shred the card. Doing so prevents others from trying to use it. If you had authorized users, ask them to cut theirs up too. While most cards can’t be recycled because they contain mixed materials, some card issuers will destroy the card for you if you send it back in a prepaid envelope..
Closing a credit card makes sense in certain situations, but it's crucial that you understand how it can affect your credit score. Before doing so, check your credit report to determine whether closing it will adversely affect your score. It might be worth keeping the account open, even if you have to stick the credit card in a locked drawer for a while.